will, drive , desire, courage, survival, impulsiveness, assertion or anger, sharpness, fighting, confrontation and defending,
What man Dare , I dare ‘Macbeth’
Mars is the masculine planet of passion and desire. Where Venus waits or beckons. Mars goes out and gets it in. The outward energy of Mars is yang to Venus Yin, masculine to Venus. The warrior assertiveness aggression , because it is such a powerful planet. The warrior can run wild on an undisciplined foray of pillage, rape cruelty , Where as in a well trained trader can harness the power and control and direct his focus with efficiency and poise.
Mars commands respect of the masculine principle when used harmoniously , but it only needs a slight loss of control for this energy to provoke fear, resentment and hatred. Initiative and independence come from Mars , action which often imply a cutting loose from past patterns and restrictive comforts. Mars associates itself with all cutting edge moves and not just with the warriors swords but knives scalpels and other sharp instruments.
If you look closely it is the reverse of Venus and was drawn as the cross above the circle. This modifies to the Phallic, aggressive symbol used today, representing masculine in biology and iron in physics.. the older version put the material world above the spiritual matters can be entirely forgotten in the search for material achievement or alternatively , it may show that the spiritual life still has to be lived in the material world.
Deities associated with the Mars Principle are Hearos and gods of war.